There are many reasons why one would want to build its custom router instead of buying one. Control and flexibility are two reasons, and we need both when dealing with large traffic. The purpose of this guide is to give a step-by-step solution starting on how to build a virtual machine. For this, we will assume that PowerKVM is already up and running along with its network configurations.
So, for this guide we will need:
- A PowerKVM machine
- Two network cards
In this case, eth0 will be our internal network interface and eth1 our external network interface. Both of them will be bridged to the virtual machine and this configuration can be made through Kimchi’s web interface.
Creating a Debian Virtual Machine
Downloading the right ISO
First we’ll download Debian’s 8.1 DVD Image for PPC64el architecture. It can be found on this link and should be stored in /var/lib/kimchi/isos/ folder.
cd /var/lib/kimchi/isos wget http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/8.1.0/ppc64el/iso-dvd/debian-8.1.0-ppc64el-DVD-1.iso
Then run md5sum to see if the file is corrupted:
wget http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/8.1.0/ppc64el/iso-dvd/MD5SUMS md5sum -c MD5SUMS
The result should be:
Otherwise, try downloading again.
Bringing to Life
Now that we have our ISO, we’ll create an qcow2 image using qemu to act as a hard drive. Those images should be stored in /var/lib/libvirt/images/.
qemu-img create -f qcow2 -o preallocation=metadata storage.qcow2 10G
Then, we can start the installation using virt-install:
virt-install -r 12228 --os-variant=debianwheezy --network bridge=virbr0,model=virtio --accelerate -n debian --vcpus=maxvcpus=16,sockets=2,cores=2,threads=4 -f ./storage.qcow2 --graphics vnc,listen=0.0.0.0 -c /var/lib/kimchi/isos/debian-8.1.0-ppc64el-DVD-1.iso
If you’re using a different OS, you can list all available options with:
virt-install --os-variant list
Instalation will start. In this case, it was done throught Kimchi’s web monitor, but can be done using libvirt. Proceed normally. After it’s finished, you can start your VM and login with:
virsh start debian virsh console debian
As said before, eth0 and eth1 will be bridged to the VM through Kimchi’s web interface, where eth0 is our internal network interface and eth1, external network.
##Setting IPs We’ll edit /etc/network/interfaces file and assign static IP’s both internal and external. Your external address and gateway should be provided by your ISP.
auto lo iface lo inet loopback # The primary network interface allow-hotplug eth0 iface eth0 inet static address 10.0.0.1 netmask 255.255.255.0 allow-hotplug eth1 iface eth1 inet static address 0.0.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 gateway 0.0.0.0
Edit your /etc/resolv.conf if needed by your ISP:
nameserver ISP_server; search ISP_address;
After restarting your network service, you should have something like this:
systemctl restart networking && ifconfig eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 52:54:00:37:bc:11 inet addr:10.0.0.1 Bcast:10.0.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 eth1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 52:54:00:7b:74:6f inet addr: 0.0.0.0 Bcast:0.0.0.0 Mask:255.255.255.0 lo Link encap:Local Loopback inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0
See if it’s working by pinging internal and external addresses:
ping www.cnn.com ping 10.0.0.5
##Routing Start by flushing all previous configurations, if they exist.
iptables -F iptables -t nat -F iptables -t mangle -F iptables -X
We’ll now allow established connections, outgoing connections and setup masquerade as follows:
iptables -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT iptables -A FORWARD -i eth1 -o eth0 -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT iptables -A FORWARD -i eth0 -o eth1 -j ACCEPT iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth1 -j MASQUERADE
And now, we’ll allow IP Forwarding:
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
And your Iptables should look like this:
Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT) target prot opt source destination ACCEPT all -- anywhere anywhere Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT) target prot opt source destination ACCEPT all -- anywhere anywhere state RELATED,ESTABLISHED ACCEPT all -- anywhere anywhere Chain OUTPUT (policy ACCEPT) target prot opt source destination
Now a client should successfully connect to the internet.
##Making it Permanent Now we want to apply these iptables configurations everytime we start this machine. This can be done by saving them in a file and restoring on the next boot.
iptables-save >> /etc/iptables.rules
On /etc/network/interfaces, add this line underneath “iface lo inet loopback”:
pre-up iptables-restore < /etc/iptables.rules
By now you should have a basic Linux gateway for your network. Much more advanced configuration can be done that can add enormous flexibility. It’s up to you to start exploring and unleash the true power of having a dedicated machine as your router.